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Journal – May 2017

In This Issue

Journal Editorial May 2017

Suzanne Kelly

Greetings Fellow Journal Readers,

Welcome to the digital age of 2017 and the new digital format for the Journal.  Starting this year, we will be producing two issues of the Journal — one in May and one in November. If there is a conference, we might publish an additional issue with transcripts of the plenaries and presentations.  If you wish to continue to receive a hard copy via regular mail, it can be arranged. (The copy would be a printout of the online version.) The new subscription cost for hard copies is $10 a year for two issues. As in everything, onward and upward.

In this May edition, we have two engaging articles for your enjoyment and edification. The first near and dear to the dissemination of the philosophies and teachings of The Urantia Book is The Temple of Spiritual Brotherhood and the Greater Meaning of Study Groups, by Charles Laurence Olivea. In his warm and colorful comparisons and analogies, Charles personalizes and engages the reader as he shows us how to

“…go beyond the role of being merely readers of the book; we are more in the role of students looking for Living Water and the Bread of Life.  A student in this context may be defined as an attentive, systematic observer, who is engaged in mind and soul as a cosmic citizen growing with the Supreme.”

Charles tackles the nature and morontial significance of study groups, their structure and leadership, the repercussions of their achievement, and

“With God the Supreme, achievement is the prerequisite to status—one must do something as well as be something.”  [Paper 115:0.1, page 1260.1]  (Emphasis added)

The second article is The Hallelujah Aftermath by Neal Waldrup.  It is a  melodious interpretation of The Messiah by George Frideric Handel  [1] and its lyrical comparison of texts within The Urantia Book 

“Hallelujah! For the Lord God omnipotent reigneth, the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords.” 

In the Paper entitled, The Paradise Sons of God (i.e., Paper 21), a Perfector of Wisdom duplicates the phrase “King of Kings and Lord of Lords.”

On the other hand, this seems substantially more likely to be an implicit reference to the corresponding verse in the Christian scriptures (i.e., Revelation 19:16), rather than a citation from the Hallelujah chorus. Nonetheless, we should bear in mind that the im­plicitly political overtones of the phrase “the kingdom of God” gave the early Christians considerable trouble, as the Midwayer Commission points out in Paper 170.

Neal laboriously compares multiple references in The Urantia Book with passages from the Bible and Jesus’ work with his apostles. In his article, he touches upon the atonement doctrine, life after death and eternal damnation while carrying the undertone of the Hallelujah Aftermath all the way to the Last Judgement.

Happy and Enlightened Reading!

Suzanne Kelly
[email protected]

[1] Composed in 1741, but first performed in 1742.

The Temple of Spiritual Brotherhood and the Greater Meaning of Study Groups

Charles Laurence Olivea

Great trees possess a majestic presence, such as the Grizzly Giant of the Sequoia Forest in Yosemite, California.  It is quite interesting, even instructive, to reflect upon the fact that they begin as small seedlings, emerging as saplings, and over a long period of time grow to become nature’s monarchs.

Likewise, study groups are establishing roots for a great movement, whose aim over time is to disseminate The Urantia Book and its teachings, having a transformational influence on the world.  Study groups may very well constitute the primary engine to achieve the necessary momentum toward human planetary destiny.  But to be successful this movement must be nourished by living spiritual virtues of truth, beauty and goodness.  Then the world, someday, will be able to see a majestic fraternity of men and women who exemplify the principle of universe unity made possible by higher teachings of God’s light and life.  We, students of The Urantia Book, past, present and future, have been given the opportunity to help make this possible.

The socialization or spread of the Fifth Epochal Revelation through a growing network of study groups will depend on what participants bring to such gatherings and by what they take from them.  The interactions between persons, when done in a revelatory search for God, can tap into the spirit of his grace, thereby, raising human consciousness.  Remember, the search for God is nothing less than the search for the source and center of all things and beings.  What’s more, an Archangel of Nebadon reassures us that

…knowledge is possessed only by sharing; it is safeguarded by wisdom and socialized by love. [Paper 48:7.28, page 557.12]

A Solitary Messenger reinforces this point by the generalization that

Personality cannot very well perform in isolation.  Man is innately a social creature; he is dominated by the craving of belongingness. [Paper 112:1.6, page 1227.6]

To know others who share kindred minds and souls is the great immediate benefit of study groups. The thesis offered in this essay concerns the living rationale for individual persons to meet in study on a regular basis seeking God intellectually and spiritually.

A Recommendation for New Wine Skins

In that spirit, I would like to suggest we think of each study group as a “school.”  Then, we may consider the educational potential in every study group as a kind of informal process of “schooling.”  But it is an educational experience that strives to draw a straight line between Paradise and Urantia.  Logically, if we view study groups in this light, the authors of the Urantia Papers, may be thought of as the “faculty.  The “pedagogy” consists mostly of “intelligent conversation.”  The text of the book will make up the “curriculum.”  Lastly, our “mission” has the benign audacity of attempting—long  term—the rehabilitation of our home planet.

We go beyond the role of being merely readers of the book; we are more in the role of students looking for Living Water and the Bread of Life.  A student in this context may be defined as an attentive, systematic observer, who is engaged in mind and soul as a cosmic citizen growing with the Supreme.

A new viewpoint of old facts or on a conventional perspective can constitute a “new wine skin.”  That is what is proposed here.  The usefulness of a different viewpoint was explained by an Archangel, while referencing statements of human philosophy for instructional purposes on the First Mansion World:

Only a poet can discern poetry in the commonplace prose of routine experience. [Paper 48:7.22, page 557.6]

This designation of study groups as “schools” with all the educational implications contained therein opens up the act of study as a higher, more dignified, loftier concept—given their revelatory character and (potential) planetary significance.  It deepens and broadens one’s universe perspective of them, hence, the “new wine skins.”

Furthermore, the person-to-person make-up of study groups can serve as the means to maximize the dynamics of group study.  I believe that relationships between fellow mortals dedicated to revelatory study extend to the Universal Father, Michael of Nebadon, the Supreme and the angels.  It is worth reflecting on what a Solitary Messenger has told us concerning the vitality of relationships among persons:

Everything nonspiritual in human experience, excepting personality, is a means to an end.  Every true relationship of mortal man with other persons—human or divine—is an end in itself.  [Paper 112:2.8, page 1225.1]

With this observation in mind, schools (study groups) may be understood in terms of the major facets in the interactions between persons: heart-to-heart; mind-to-mind; soul-to-soul.

The Nature of Study and its Morontia Significance

The term, ‘to study’, appears to have originated in the English language sometime during the 14th Century.  It may be defined as

“…a state of contemplation…application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge … in a particular field … or to a specific object … careful extended consideration … or analysis of a phenomenon … or question.”  The modifying term, in-depth, was coined in 1965 and may be defined as “comprehensive … thorough … and in-depth study.”  (Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary)  (Emphasis added)

The Urantia Book is designed for study, in my opinion.  This is evident in the way facts, meanings and values are presented.  Over the years, I have heard many persons comment that as questions are raised in one paragraph they are often answered in the following paragraph.  There is a logical progression from the general to the particular.  It is the nature of the revelation to invite some level of inquiry: From whence have I come?  Who am I?  Why am I here?  Where am I going?

A Divine Counselor has noted that:

The religious challenge of this age is to those farseeing and forward-looking men and women of spiritual insight who will dare to construct a new and appealing philosophy of living out of enlarged and exquisitely integrated modern concepts of cosmic truth, universe beauty, and divine goodness.”  [Paper 2:7.10, page 43:3]   (Emphasis added)

Study (complemented by service) is a profoundly important feature of the challenge.  Anyone really committed to the Fifth Epochal Revelation will take study seriously.

To learn from the text of The Urantia Book, studying, then, is a must. An in-depth study of the revelation would be necessarily comprehensive and thorough.  Another way to illustrate this point, either individually or collectively, can be found in synonyms, listed here:

best effort                               trial and error                          expect

one’s utmost                           inquiry                                     digest

discover                                  examine                                    dig

question                                  cross-question                       cross-reference

propose an idea                     fact finding                             open up for discussion

meticulous                              precise                                     detailed

(Roget’s International Thesaurus, 7th Edition)

Certain inferences may be drawn from these terms concerning the nature of study.  The importance of the art of listening comes to mind.  Jesus placed a supreme value on active (engaged) listening.  He paid very close attention to what was (and what was often not) being expressed.  He taught the most when he said the least.  Another implication of the synonyms is the necessity to contribute to the flow of conversation with thoughtful, logical ideas and/or questions.  Showing a respect for facts must be in play.  It is vital to group study to make the distinction, when disagreeing with others, not to be disagreeable.  The reader is left to draw still more inferences from this list.

Thinking about study groups as revelatory schools can enhance the spiritual and cosmic dignity of them, investing them with universe-capital.  It deepens and widens the context of these gatherings.  They are not social get-togethers, although friendly social ties should always be encouraged.  This revelation entails some rather heavy lifting.  The long view indicates that the destiny of civilization on Urantia and the future of the religion of Jesus hang in the balance between human imperfection and prospects for eventual light and life.

With a nod to the Divine Counselor, we ought to study in the way the writing of The Urantia Book is constructed and arranged, that is to say, use the same pedagogical principles—go from the complex to the simple, i.e., from the long view to the moving present, utilizing the perspective of origin, history and destiny applied to contemporary affairs. (Paper 19:1.5-6) With this idea in mind, it would be profitable to determine how the morontia culture prioritizes the practice of study.  What “universe value” is assigned to studying?

First of all, we learn that when most pilgrims of time attain the Fifth Mansion World,

Study is becoming voluntary, unselfish service natural, and worship spontaneous. [Paper 47:7.5, page 537.5]

Isn’t it interesting, of all the different behaviors or norms the Brilliant Evening Star could have focused on, study, service and worship were emphasized.  The first develops mind (mota); the second exercises the soul (to borrow a phrase); and the third communes with God (the supreme joy of personality existence).  What grand priorities!  But there is more.

It remains my sense that characterizing human study groups as “schools” is hardly farfetched.

An Archangel has given us a vivid description of the priorities of morontia culture on Jerusem, our planetary system capital.

The activities…are of three distinct varieties: work, progress, and play. Stated otherwise, they are: service, study, and relaxation. [Paper 2:7.10, page 43:3] (Emphasis added)

Interestingly, study is equated with progress and service equated with work.  These morontia norms, sketched by the Archangel, must reflect the central aims of the schools of thinking, feeling and doing.  This Archangel continues by noting that

Those things which you might have learned on earth, but which you failed to learn must be acquired under the tutelage of…faithful and patient teachers. [Paper 48:5.7, page 551:2]

Indeed, schooling is a universal concept and practice.   We learn from the Brilliant Evening Star that “The entire universe is one vast school.” (Paper 37:6.2) The Archangel elaborates on this point:

If the Gods designed merely to take you on one long and eternal joy excursion, they certainly would not so largely turn the whole universe into one vast and intricate practical training school, requisition a substantial part of the celestial creation as teachers and instructors, and then spend ages upon ages piloting you, one by one, through this gigantic universe school of experiential training.  [Paper 48:8.3, page 358:1]

Study, service and worship are a multi-sided jewel.  Again, one may observe the greater dignity of characterizing study groups as “schools.”  Study groups ought to be recognized for their universe-value, the contribution they can make to implement God’s command for ascending mortals eventually to become perfect even as he is perfect.

Study Group Structure and Leadership

It may be useful and valuable here to provide some suggestions or guidelines about study group management.  What follows is a kind of “bottom-up,” practical look at the working dynamics of study groups.  The ideas in this section are largely empirically based.

There is no centralized authority over study groups.  The original Urantia Brotherhood envisioned a relatively democratic system.  This de-centralization is an antidote to the development of an ecclesiastical authority, a ruling clergy.  There appears to be a consensus among devotees of The Urantia Book to keep it this way.

Generally speaking, two different approaches have emerged over time as to how folks organize study groups: one emphasizes more reading and less discussion; the other values conversation over mainly reading.  Participants in the latter approach are expected to read assigned material prior to a meeting.  A more intense, closer mode of study would seem to favor the latter.

Concerning the latter approach, people need time to ponder questions and/or issues, hence assigned study. It can be structured in a number of ways.  Some include studying the papers in the order they are presented from first to last, or, a particular topic or theme may be picked.  A question can serve as the central focus of discussion.  Maximizing opportunities for each person to contribute to an intelligent conversation should be a key priority.  It is important to have more light than heat in the conversation.  Effective leadership exemplifies respectful listening.  The point here is to strike a balance between what an individual says and how the others interact as a group.  Staying centered on the scope and depth of the assigned study is a major priority. Participants for the most part would be expected to keep their comments within the assigned text.  They should avoid bringing up outside sources since other members probably would not have had any opportunity to read and think about extraneous material beforehand.  This approach encourages and respects a certain kind of discipline, adding to the cohesion of the group.  The overall aim is to have minds engaged, exchanging ideas.

Keeping a group on task is an executive function, although each participant shares responsibility as well. The leader of a study group would be wise to act in the role of tutor. A tutor guides, makes suggestions, presents questions to keep the talk more focused, sets a friendly tone by a humorous anecdote, and leads generally by good example.  Ideally, the role of tutor could be rotated, at least from among those who are willing to so act.  But not everyone is comfortable in such a role.  But someone has to keep the group centered on the subject at hand.

Time ought to be set aside for announcements and the like.  Keeping in touch with particular members of the study group is a good thing to do. A kind word may be necessary if someone is in crisis, including situations between meetings if the need arises. We should all remember that friendship can add greatly to the connecting substance of the group. The desire to do good should always be tempered or balanced by graciousness by being tactful and courteous while bearing good intentions.  Proper leadership of any study group carries with it an important social dimension.

On the last point, the role of the host may or may not overlap with the role of leader.  Stronger social or emotional ties have their place in the scheme of things.  When it comes down to what really matters, the first priority is to try to discern God’s will.  We are all fellow mortals on the same broad path as pilgrims of time ascending the pre-ordained levels of universe reality.

Lastly, consideration might profitably be given to group prayer and worship.  For example, prayer can be used to open and close a meeting.  Seeking the Father’s indwelling spirit or Michael’s Spirit of Truth can be a powerful way to help a gathering be more cogent and yet calm at the same time.  I always invite Jesus to “join” us.  The act of study is augmented when the Spirit of Truth is openly welcomed into the group’s midst.

We can aspire to be effective instruments in the search for truth, but the Father and the Creator Son are always the inspiration.  I so like what was said by the Mighty Messenger about the Spirit of Truth, the greatest gift Michael gave to Urantia, besides his actual bestowal:

Having started out on the way of life everlasting, having accepted the assignment and received your orders to advance, do not fear the dangers of human forgetfulness and mortal inconstancy, do not be troubled with doubts of failure or by perplexing confusion, do not falter and question your status and standing, for in every dark hour, at every crossroad in the forward struggle, the Spirit of Truth will always speak, saying ‘This is the way.’  [Paper 34:7.8, page 383:2]  (Emphasis added)

It seems to me that the Spirit both clarifies and comforts. The Spirit is very helpful to study and service.  Trying to start a study group may be daunting; serving as a leader can be problematic.  Why not form a habit of accessing some of the spiritual resources given to our world.  The Chief of Urantia Midwayers has something to say on this.

Group or congregational praying is very effective in that it is highly socializing in its repercussions.  When a group engages in community prayer for moral enhancement and spiritual uplift, such devotions are reactive upon the individuals composing the group; they are all made better because of participation…  [Paper 91:5.2, page 998:5] (Emphasis added)

Even study needs a measure of courage to face issues or questions that intimidate many others.  It takes even more courage to discuss them with a group of people whose perceptions differ considerably.  Hearts can be made calmer and intellects clearer if the participants are willing to pull together in a common petition, or, to commune together in worship, with a higher power.  It is important to remember that this should be done without pressure or coercion. Still, the spiritual cohesion of a group may realize broader, deeper revelatory insights.  In all such efforts, trust God.

God the Supreme and the Master Seraphim

While living on Urantia as creatures of time and space, we are also cosmic citizens.  The Mighty Messenger points out that

With God the Father, sonship is the great relationship.  With God the Supreme, achievement is the prerequisite to status — one must do something as well as be something.”  [Paper 115:1.0, page 1260:1]  (Emphasis added)

We have seen how the morontia culture prioritizes study and service.  It does appear that studying runs as a norm throughout the universes of time and space.  I believe the process of starting and keeping study groups going contributes directly to the Supreme.  The universe-value of studying is naturally linked to the Supreme.  It is something for us to be conscious of.  The Supreme is actualizing our potential in the ascension scheme of universe achievement even while we reside on earth.  Down here, as evolutionary creatures, we can add to the gradual, unfolding development of Orvonton, our superuniverse, in reciprocity with the finite God, the God of evolution.  This reciprocity is inherent by design in the relationships of Supremacy.  It is a high and noble task (actually a cosmic, moral duty) to be contributors to universe building.  The Universal Father has delegated to us something important to do.

To perform our role as cosmic citizens in a worthwhile and useful manner, we need to possess a deeper and broader knowledge of the origin, history, and destiny of many aspects of universe reality.  In turn, that knowledge helps us to sort or identify essential facts, meanings and values of time and space—the function of study.  On the other side of the coin, service can be rendered more precise and appropriate to those whom we would serve.  Thus, study and service work together as we attempt to do our share in the growth of the Supreme.

But to bring this line of reasoning directly to our home planet, we should be mindful of the Master Seraphim of Planetary Supervision.  Working with the angels is crucial to the success-potential of study groups.  I do not think this is superstitious; rather it is a suggestion grounded in the long view of intelligent faith and inspired by sincere prayer.  There is a lot to pray for.  For instance, petitions may be directed to the angels for assistance in organizing and maintaining a study group.  The angels and the divine spirit can be solicited to guide or encourage individuals to consider joining one’s study group.

The Angels of Enlightenment come to mind.  According to the Chief of Seraphim, our world

…is now receiving the help of the third corps of seraphim dedicated to the fostering of planetary education.  These angels are occupied with mental and moral training as it concerns individuals, families, groups, schools, communities, nations, and whole races. [Paper 114:6.11, page 1256:1] (Emphasis added)

Is it farfetched to suggest that our study groups fit neatly within their sphere of interest?  The Urantia Papers as the subject of group study seem to correlate directly to these angels’ area of responsibility.

If this is so, we might consider this framework of our relationship as part of the new wine skin of the Fifth Epochal Revelation.  This idea also applies to our philosophically organic connection with God the Supreme.  These key ties to unseen friends and allies and to the finite God ennoble the routine tasks of those who gather to study.  The appeal of this perspective on our labor in the evolutionary vineyards is one of universe-romancing.

A Lighthouse in a Worldwide Cultural Fog

Notwithstanding the present confusion, sometime in the future, there will likely be a growing number of people who, while not being readers themselves of The Urantia Book, will know persons who do read and study it.  Perhaps in many (most) cases, the latter will be a family member, a close friend, an acquaintance, a neighbor, co-worker or even an approachable stranger.  Typically, those studying the revelation will probably be persons of average socio-economic status and live and work in ordinary circumstances.

As knowledge about the book spreads, its reputation in the public mind may largely be determined by its association with these kinds of connections.  So, as our movement breaks into the public’s consciousness, we hope many will say something like this, “Oh, I know her.  She reads that book.  She is my neighbor and is a normal person.”; or, “He works in my office and is an okay guy.  I found out he has been reading that book for years.”  Social recognition of such a caliber can only evolve from excellence in thought and a strong, positive and intelligent living faith in God.  Modern men and women are seeking to find individuals or groups who demonstrate intellectual integrity and spiritually affirmative lives.

If our gatherings acquire such a reputation, then the Fifth Epochal Revelation may seem less strange and be appreciated more for its content and quality in a growing number of social and religious circles.  At least, that is an outcome we can hope for.  The revelation, then, can really start to have a transformational effect upon society at large.  But we must be well grounded in knowledge of its teachings in order to be at-the-ready to address the many questions people will naturally have.  Questions (including objections) will range from ones that are straightforward or basic to complex subjects, even vexing issues.

In the meantime, study groups can continue to operate under the “radar” of the modern media and all of its mixed, uncertain scrutiny.  Our study groups, conferences and other projects are “below” the cultural eye of today’s mainstream.  We live in a time of confrontation between science and religion, nationalism versus internationalism, political/moral ideologies run amok causing physical wars and wars of words, to cite a few examples.  Many people lead hectic lives and are frequently in a hurry, scurrying around almost as flotsam and jetsam.  Humanity will probably have to settle down and be somewhat calmer before wider reception of these revelatory teachings occurs.

However, because of this time delay we have an ongoing opportunity to mature for the day when people of all backgrounds will bring their questions of the meaning of life to the surface.

Our movement has, therefore, a strategic advantage!  The time delay will test our patience as we study and serve unobtrusively in a kind of private ministry.  This has something in common (in principle at least) with the approach Jesus’ ministry took as he prepared for the Gospel to be publicly proclaimed.  If we grow quietly, collecting the riches of the mind and the joys of the soul, we will not only survive modernity’s vicissitudes of this age, we can realistically hope to emerge—as a cause—successfully.

Our teachings can serve as a lighthouse whose beacon will shine brightly to a world that will begin to tire of the fog of anxiety and mayhem.  I believe that when the time is ripe, God’s grace will influence our fellow mortals to want something better.  Without necessarily (fully) realizing it, many will want the clarity and comfort of something called life and light.  The lighthouse-effect will come if we possess a respected reputation—an image derived from the substance of a dignified, unified, spiritually fragrant, and intellectually vibrant network, symbolized by three blue concentric circles and/or the name, “Urantia.”

Can we not unite around this hoped-for outcome as a common goal of our movement?

Would not the logical means to achieve such an end be the evolution of “thousands of study groups?”—“schools” meeting in people’s living rooms? The lighthouse effect of these schools may be thought of in two ways: each study group could become a lighthouse on its own or the light of the benign coalition of thousands of study groups in the aggregate on a planetary scale.  Or, perhaps both ways on two different levels at the same time!

Achieving all of this depends on the quality and the extent of combining mind and spirit in an evolutionary effort.  A great teacher earlier in the history of The Urantia Book noted that this revelation speaks profoundly to both mind and spirit, unlike so many philosophies and religions.  Our movement to disseminate its teachings must be God-centered.  We need to be humble.  We did not write it; it was written for us.  The Fifth Epochal Revelation falls under the authority of Michael of Nebadon.  Hence, our loyalty, friendship and respect should be directed first toward him and then to each other.


The humble act of studying The Urantia Book is a noble endeavor.  It is noble when there is a sincere, intelligent attempt (animated by living faith) to align as cosmic citizens with the Supreme as it develops the grand universe of time and space.

I allude to the loving reciprocity of Supremacy as explained by a Mighty Messenger:

In the present universe age this dual motion is revealed in the descending and ascending personalities of the grand universe.  The Supreme Creator Personalities and all their divine associates are reflective of the outward, diverging motion of the Supreme, while the ascending pilgrims from the seven superuniverses are indicative of the inward, converging trend of Supremacy.  [Paper 115:6.5, page 1265:6]

In addition to all of this, we benefit right now as children of the Universal Father—true brothers and sisters—foretasting in time the truth, beauty, and goodness of eternal meanings.

For sure, we ought to love our fellow mortals as Jesus loves us.  We may sensibly hope that someday, at a later time, “thousands of study groups” and even “schools” will come to connote a brotherly and sisterly fraternity, world renowned, knitted together and inspired by the divine spirit and the angels.  The real means of success will be in the appeal of our growing reputation to individuals and (potentially) to civilization itself, drawn to teachings of light and life that will illuminate the intellect and delight the soul.

Charles Laurence Olivea


The Hallelujah Aftermath

Neal Waldrop, USA

In recent years, Internet websites have displayed at least five semi-viral videos showing members of a choir and orchestra who had surreptitiously infil­trated the central court of a large department store or shopping mall, and then—to the surprise and delight of the assembled shoppers, who had merely migrated to their favorite site for shopping so as to purchase gizmos or doodads or what-ever else may have caught their fancy—suddenly arose from their seats and emitted the thunderous lyrics and chords of the Hallelujah chorus from the celebrated oratorio The Messiah by George Frideric Handel. *

Although opinion polls seldom examine such topics, it is quite possible that the Hallelujah chorus is the most beloved choral work ever to emerge from the realm of classical music and acquire great popular renown, at least in locations where English is spoken. The words read as follows:

for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth,
The kingdom of this world is become
the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ;
and he shall reign for ever and ever,
King of Kings, and Lord of Lords.

In The Urantia Book’s Paper 21 entitled, “The Paradise Sons of God,” a Perfector of Wisdom duplicates the phrase ‘King of Kings and Lord of Lords.’ On the other hand, this seems substantially more likely to be an implicit reference to the corresponding verse in the Christian scriptures (i.e., Revelation 19:16), rather than a citation from the Hallelujah chorus. Nonetheless, we should bear in mind that the im­plicitly political overtones of the phrase “the kingdom of God” gave the early Christians considerable trouble, as the Midwayer Commission points out in Paper 170:

By the time the Apostle John began to write the story of Jesus’ life and teachings, the early Christians had experienced so much trouble with the kingdom-of-God idea as a breeder of persecution that they had largely abandoned the use of the term. John talks much about the “eternal life.” Jesus often spoke of it as the “kingdom of life.”

He also frequently referred to “the kingdom of God within you.” He once spoke of such an experience as “family fellowship with God the Father.” Jesus sought to sub­stitute many terms for the kingdom but always without success. Among others, he used: the family of God, the Father’s will, the friends of God, the fellowship of believ­ers, the brotherhood of man, the Father’s fold, the children of God, the fellowship of the faithful, the Father’s service, and the liberated sons of God. [Paper 170:2.24, page 1861:6]

When Handel composed his oratorio, the word king was by no means bereft of political meaning, and the word lord, although considerably less imposing than it had been a few centuries earlier, still retained substantial overtones associated with social hierarchy and the ruling class. This may be easier to understand if we illustrate the point by citing the title of a literary work that was widely read during the second half of the 20th century and that, when converted into cinematic fantasy, acquired extraordinary popularity during the initial years of the 21st: The Lord of the Rings. Having said all the above, it is only reasonable to stipulate that the Hallelujah chorus of Handel’s oratorio The Messiah remains stirring and moving, at least for persons with cultural backgrounds that are predominantly Christian. In the final analysis, this majestic choral work of the mid-18th century has clearly earned its popularity and renown among persons who speak English.

Now, however, we are obliged to bid a reluctant adieu to the various shopping malls where choirs and orchestras suddenly burst forth with their favorite chorus, so that we can migrate to a concert hall where we may have the opportunity to hear the air, “I know that my redeemer liveth.” This is the succeeding segment of Handel’s oratorio, featuring a single soprano standing in splendid isolation, preferably a coloratura soprano who will be able to engage in a series of runs, trills, and other vocal exploits demonstrat­ing extraordinary talent and great virtuosity. In this discussion, however, we do not have those advantages; we cannot rely on rhythm, melody, or lyrical expression. To the con­trary, we must confine ourselves to examining the words that the soprano sings:

I know that my redeemer liveth,
and that He shall stand
at the latter day upon the earth:
and though worms destroy this body,
yet in my flesh shall I see God.
For now is Christ risen from the dead,
the first fruits of them that sleep.

Here we are immediately in trouble, for Christ Michael of Nebadon, incarnate in the human form of Jesus of Nazareth, was definitely not a “redeemer.” Further, calling him “my redeemer” creates overtones of exclusiveness and possessiveness that are unappeal­ing and unpleasant, to say the least.

When we continue to examine the text, we realize that the word “liveth” is either highly misleading or simply false, for the phrase “Jesus of Nazareth” now identifies an integral and inseparable part of the completed spiritual identity of our Sovereign Cre­ator Son, Christ Michael of Nebadon, not a separate individual who is currently active and alive in the spiritual realm. Despite Michael’s promise to return to Urantia, it is not accurate to state that, “He shall stand at the latter day upon the earth” (a reference to the events that Christians call “the Last Judgment”).

The phrase, “in my flesh shall I see God” also involves a serious misunder­standing; one that seems to stem from a fundamental mistake in interpreting a spiritual reality, the resurrection of Jesus:

The Christian belief in the resurrection of Jesus has been based on the fact of the “empty tomb.” It was indeed a fact that the tomb was empty, but this is not the truth of the resurrection. The tomb was truly empty when the first believers arrived, and this fact, associated with that of the undoubted resurrection of the Master, led to the formulation of a belief which was not true: the teaching that the material and mortal body of Jesus was raised from the grave. Truth having to do with spiritual realities and eternal values cannot always be built up by a combination of apparent facts. Although individual facts may be materially true, it does not follow that the association of a group of facts must necessarily lead to truthful spiritual conclusions.

The tomb of Joseph was empty, not because the body of Jesus had been rehabilitated or resurrected, but because the celestial hosts had been granted their request to afford it a special and unique dissolution, a return of the “dust to dust,” without the intervention of the delays of time and without the operation of the ordinary and visible processes of mortal decay and material corruption.

The mortal remains of Jesus underwent the same natural process of elemental disinte­gration as characterizes all human bodies on earth except that, in point of time, this natural mode of dissolution was greatly accelerated, hastened to that point where it became well-nigh instantaneous.

The true evidences of the resurrection of Michael are spiritual in nature, albeit this teaching is corroborated by the testimony of many mortals of the realm who met, recognized, and communed with the resurrected morontia Master. He became a part of the personal experience of almost one thousand human beings before he finally took leave of Urantia. [Paper 189:2.6-9, pages 2023:5-6, 2024:1-2]

Let us now return to the soprano solo’s first line, “I know that my redeemer liveth.” We have already demonstrated that “my redeemer” and “liveth” cannot be justified, which leaves only the first three words, “I know that …” As a practical matter, the words “know that” must likewise be deleted, for it is impossible to know something that is false. Therefore, we must annotate the statement as follows:

I know that my redeemer liveth

In effect, this mark-up also interprets all seven lines of the soprano solo, for we have encountered a perspective that appears to be entirely egotistical. These seven lines focus overwhelmingly on proclaiming and celebrating the purportedly privileged status of an individual believer; they offer no hint of a desire to serve other human beings or to par­ticipate in joint efforts aimed at helping to improve and upgrade society. Therefore, in my view, we are implicitly confronting selfishness that is intrinsic and intense. Further, this selfishness turns out to be the true Hallelujah aftermath. I regret that this is so, and I also regret that I am obliged to bring these unpleasant realities to your attention.

On the other hand, we must not neglect other crucial implications of these seven lines sung by a virtuoso soprano. The purpose of this part of our discussion is not just to in­dulge in rather acid observations keyed to an intriguing cultural artifact that we have inherited from the 18th century, but also, by implication, to focus on the intense anxieties about salvation (survival) that insti­tutional Christianity almost invariably stimulates and fosters.

These fears are endemic and pervasive, for we may trace them from Paul to Augustine, from Augus­tine to Luther and Calvin, and then from their era, now almost five centuries ago, right onward into our own. The underlying truth is that many traditional believers living in the new millennium remain preoccupied, entangled, and perhaps even intensely afraid because of the characteristic teachings of Christianity about hell and damnation. In effect, these fears amount to the unfortunate psychological debilities that inspired Charles Jennens, Handel’s scribe, to identify and compile these verses, that led George Frideric Handel to com­pose the score that enables a soprano to sing them, and that have evoked virtuoso performances of this solo air in every generation ever since.

To be sure, it is entirely appropriate for us to sympathize with every human being men­tioned in the preceding paragraph, whether directly or indirectly, but the far more important point is that the revelators have bequeathed to us a vastly more encouraging account of the transition leading to the ascendant life:

Eternal survival of personality is wholly dependent on the choosing of the mortal mind, whose decisions determine the survival potential of the immortal soul. When the mind believes God and the soul knows God, and when, with the fostering Adjuster, they all desire God, then is survival assured. Limitations of intellect, curtailment of education, deprivation of culture, impoverishment of social status, even inferiority of the human standards of morality resulting from the unfortunate lack of educational, cultural, and social advantages, cannot invalidate the presence of the divine spirit in such unfortunate and humanly handicapped but believing individuals. The indwelling of the Mystery Monitor constitutes the inception and insures the possibility of the potential of growth and survival of the immortal soul. [Paper 5:5.13, page 69:8]

The Thought Adjuster will recall and rehearse for you only those memories and expe­riences which are a part of, and essential to, your universe career. If the Adjuster has been a partner in the evolution of aught in the human mind, then will these worth-while experiences survive in the eternal consciousness of the Adjuster. But much of your past life and its memories, having neither spiritual meaning nor morontia value, will perish with the material brain; much of material experience will pass away as onetime scaffolding which, having bridged you over to the morontia level, no longer serves a purpose in the universe. But personality and the relationships between per­sonalities are never scaffolding; mortal memory of personality relationships has cos­mic value and will persist. On the mansion worlds you will know and be known, and more, you will remember, and be remembered by, your onetime associates in the short but intriguing life on Urantia. [Paper 112:5.22, page 1235:4]

Rather than focus on positive and inspiring teachings resembling those that the revelators have shared with us, the early Christians appear to have maintained and developed ideas about potential punishment in the afterlife that they inherited from the Jewish tradition. The Midwayer Commission tells us that when Peter recounted a story of the Nazarite brotherhood that John the Baptist had repeated while preaching in public—a parable concerning a rich man named Dives and a beggar named Lazarus—Peter initiated his narrative by declaring, “this olden parable is not according to the gospel we preach.”

Peter’s disclaimer, however, does not appear in the New Testament (Luke 16:19-31). To the contrary, the immediately preceding verses in chapter 16 of the Gospel according to Luke consist of statements by Jesus. Therefore, the context implies that Jesus told the story about Dives and Lazarus and that he agreed with the ideas it contains, including the assertion that Dives was being tormented in hell. As a result, this reference to potential punishment in the afterlife was ascribed to Jesus and became an integral part of Christian teachings. In contrast, the Midwayer Commission comments as follows in Paper 188, which is entitled, “The Time in the Tomb”:

All this concept of atonement and sacrificial salvation is rooted and grounded in selfishness. Jesus taught that service to one’s fellows is the highest concept of the brotherhood of spirit believers. Salvation should be taken for granted by those who believe in the fatherhood of God. The believer’s chief concern

should not be the selfish desire for personal salvation but rather the unselfish urge to love and, therefore, serve one’s fellows even as Jesus loved and served mortal men. Neither do genuine believers trouble themselves so much about the future punishment of sin. The real believer is only concerned about present

separation from God. True, wise fathers may chasten their sons, but they do all this in love and for corrective purposes. They do not punish in anger, neither do they chastise in retribution. [Paper 188:4.9-10, page 2017:4-5]

By implication, the passage cited immediately above confirms and reinforces our prior analysis of the soprano solo, “I know that my redeemer liveth.” Let us return, however, to the parable about Dives and Lazarus, the story that Peter told while quoting John the Baptist. Since the Midwayer Commission states that Jesus was frequently asked to com­ment on this parable but never consented, it is natural for us to wonder why he declined. Perhaps we shall have a better insight into Jesus’ motivations for remaining silent if we review his reply to a question that the apostle Simon asked under entirely different circumstances, when Jesus and the apostles had just begun their public work and were teaching in Amathus.  Simon, it seems, had been seeking to interest a Persian named Teherma, but had made little prog­ress.

When Simon Zelotes and Jesus were alone, Simon asked the Master: “Why is it that I could not persuade him? Why did he so resist me and so readily lend an ear to you?” Jesus answered: “Simon, Simon, how many times have I instructed you to refrain from all efforts to take something out of the hearts of those who seek salvation? How often have I told you to labor only to put something into these hungry souls? Lead men into the kingdom, and the great and living truths of the kingdom will presently drive out all serious error.” [Paper 141:6.2, page 1592:4] (Emphasis added)

In effect, the spirit of this reply to Simon closely resembled the methods that Jesus had drawn on during his discussions with religious teachers whom he met in Rome many years before launching his public ministry in Palestine:

Jesus learned much about men while in Rome, but the most valuable of all the mani­fold experiences of his six months’ sojourn in that city was his contact with, and influ­ence upon, the religious leaders of the empire’s capital. … And this was his method of instruction: Never once did he attack their errors or even mention the flaws in their teachings. In each case he would select the truth in what they taught and then pro­ceed so to embellish and illuminate this truth in their minds that in a very short time this enhancement of the truth effectively crowded out the associated error; and thus were these Jesus-taught men and women prepared for the subsequent recognition of additional and similar truths in the teachings of the early Christian mis­sionaries. It was this early acceptance of the teachings of the gospel preachers which gave that powerful impetus to the rapid spread of Christianity in Rome and from there through­out the empire. [Paper 132:0.4, page 1455:4] (Emphasis added)

Now that the revelators have enormously enhanced the truth available to humanity concerning the plan of mortal repersonalization that the governments of Orvonton and Nebadon sponsor and implement, we can hope that this truth will crowd out the accum­ulated apprehen­sion and fear that Christianity has stimulated and fostered for almost two thousand years, The resulting personal terror was intensified and exacerbated by such cultural landmarks as Dante’s Inferno (an epic poem consisting of about five thousand lines, one-third of the highly complex cycle The Divine Comedy that Dante completed in 1321) and the intensely terrifying Renaissance-era fresco that Michelangelo spent over six years infusing into the plaster wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (1534-1541). The fresco depicted, to the best of his ability, imagination, and understanding, the essential aspects of Christianity’s appalling teachings concerning ‘the Last Judgment.’

* Composed in 1741, but first performed in 1742.

Note: This article, “The Hallelujah Aftermath,” is excerpted from “Comparing and contrasting the true teach­ings of Jesus with the traditional tenets and practices of organized, institutional Chris­tianity,” topic 8 of a book-length document by Neal Waldrop called Revelation Revealed: Twelve Topics to Analyze and Appraise. This innovative text is intended to stimulate and foster active and interactive discussion among readers of The Urantia Book. You can download it in full from www.globalendeavor.net, the modest website of the Committee for the Global Endeavor.

Neal Waldrop

[Editor’s Note: This is an abridged and edited version of Neal Waldrop’s article: “The Hallelujah Aftermath.” The full original and unedited version can also be viewed in PDF format at: https://urantia-association.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Hallelujah-Aftermath-Neal-Waldrop-complete.pdf]

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